He displayed considerable ability regarding the recreation, effective new Illinois Condition Fantastic Gloves heavyweight tournament (amateur division) in 1937

He displayed considerable ability regarding the recreation, effective new Illinois Condition Fantastic Gloves heavyweight tournament (amateur division) in 1937

William James “Willie” Dixon (erican organization artist-songwriter, nearly all whoever audio turned into classics of the Chicago blues category and was in fact after covered by biggest rock performers. He had been together with a noted bassist, arranger, and listing manufacturer to possess Chicago’s premier blues name, Chess Records, within the heyday into the 1950s and you can very early 1960s.

Dixon composed such as for instance organization strikes as “Little Red Rooster,” “Huge Manager Kid,” “Spoonful,” “Back door Boy,” “I simply Want to make Prefer to Your,” “My Babe,” “Wang Dang Doodle,” “Hoochie Coochie Boy,” and you can “Take it toward Family.” His songs was in fact performed by organization greats eg Dirty Oceans, Howlin’ Wolf, Jimmy Reed, and you can Absolutely nothing Walter. He in addition to swayed a generation off young musicians who later registered his songs, in addition to Sam Cooke, Brand new Going Rocks, Otis Redding, Eric Clapton, Brand new Doorways, The new Dogs, Bob Dylan, Solution, Added Zeppelin, The fresh Yardbirds, the newest Pleased Dry and many others.

Dixon in addition to shaped a primary link between new organization and you will rock and you can move from the working with rock writers and singers like Chuck Berry and you may Bo Diddley within their early years. Alongside Dirty Waters, he could be felt by far the most important shaper of article-The second world war voice of your il organization which can be think by the certain to get 1st blues songwriter of all time.

Early existence

Dixon grew up in Vicksburg, Mississippi to your July 1, 1915. Their mother, Daisy, usually authored rhymes while in the relaxed talk, a practice Dixon discovered so you can imitate. Within age seven, the guy turned into an admirer out of a ring one looked blues pianist Little Sibling Montgomery. Dixon try further brought into blues when he supported big date toward prison farms during the Mississippi because the an early on-adolescent. He as well as learned just how to play equilibrium away from a region carpenter called Leo Phelps. Dixon done trout for the Phelps’ class, the brand new Jubilee Vocalists, a location gospel quartet you to definitely continuously looked into the Vicksburg broadcast station WQBC. For this day Dixon first started experimenting with songwriting by adapting poems he had authored with the sounds, and you can happened to be able to promote some of them to help you local music groups.

Dixon remaining Mississippi to own Chi town from inside the 1936. Men of impressive stature on six foot 6 in tall and you will weighing more 250 weight, the guy used boxing. Dixon following became elite group just like the an effective boxer and you may spent some time working briefly because the Joe datingranking.net/de/dating-in-ihren-30ern/ Louis’ sparring mate. Shortly after four professional fights, but not, he given up the fresh boxing organization because of a quarrel with his director over an issue of currency.

At boxing fitness center, Dixon are found by fellow artist Leonard “Child Doo” Caston, whom aided your be seriously interested in music because the a position. Dixon sang a number of vocal communities from inside the Chi town, and you can Caston situated him 1st trout, created from an effective tin can and something string. Dixon in addition to read your guitar.


In Chi town, Dixon and you can Caston assisted means the 5 Breezes, a group you to definitely blended organization and you may jazz, targeting vocal harmonies. Dixon’s progress in learning to play new trout was halted whenever he was imprisoned to possess ten days after resisting the fresh new write while in the The second world war. Pursuing the conflict, the guy temporarily shaped this new Four Leaps from Jive then reunited which have Caston which will make the big Around three Threesome, and that continued so you’re able to checklist temporarily for Columbia Details.

Dixon basic signed which have Chess Details into the 1948 because the a tracking singer, however, in the future began functioning in the name as a maker and arranger. Because of the 1951, he was an entire-big date personnel on Chess, in which he acted as the music producer, ability lookout, session singer into the trout, arranger, and you will personnel songwriter. Though their relationship with the identity try both burdened, he stayed which have Chess from the early 1960s. During this time their output and determine try prodigious.